Richard Hofstadter on the distinction between intelligence and intellect. Intelligence is "an excellence of mind that is employed within a fairly narrow, immeadiate and practical range; it is a manipulative, adjustive, unfailingly practical quality" Intellect is "the critical, creative, and contemplative side of mind..intellect evaluates evaluations". The intellectual not only works with ideas; he or she plays with them. Ideas have an integrity of their own for the intellectual who therefore approaches them not only with playfulness, but with piety as well. The business executive on the other hand, lifes off ideas, not for them. His professional role, his professional skills, do not make him an intellectual. He is a mental worker, a technician.

— Richard Tedlow  

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