Village women work hard and keep busy at all times. Even when socializing in groups outside their homes, women spin, weave, embroider, darn socks, knit or crotchet while keeping an eye on children. In contrast, men have more time on their hands; their work in the fields is seasonal and erratic, and only a few have animals to herd. Enter any village and the first site is of men sitting around in groups near or inside the tea house, socializing. The tea house is not the domain of women. Women receive substantial sums for thier carpets on a regular basis, thus the women's share of the family income has increased dramatically. In a few cases, the weaver's export bonus alone surpasses her husband's total annual income, making the woman the main provider. This represents a major shift in gender roles within the family's economic support system. However, the increased income generated by female members of the family has not altered the expenditure pattern within the family. Men customarily handle the household expenses, and most women hand over their carpet money to their husbands. The status quo remains intact, as does the male ego. However, women now have more influence on buying decisions than they did previously. Thus, the power structures within the village family has not been disrupted, as yet. But change is in the air. Whereas most village women accept their position in the family hierarchy and are not about to usurp the husband's status as head of the household, the situation could change in the near future. Ergun, a weaver from Suleymankoy village, recently admitted she does not hand over her money to her husband, and that other women are doing the same. The battle of the sexes is about to begin! The importance of family bonds was made clear to me when the California Academy of Sciences first invited village weavers to the museum in 1990. I had assumed that women who had never left their villages would be clamoring for adventure and excited at the opportunity to visit the United states. I expected some rivalry in choosing representative weavers. this was not the case. Women are reluctant to leave their families for 2 to 3 weeks. The main advantage to them is that they can buy American consumer goods to take back as gifts to their children and husbands, and there is a certain amount of social status in being the only person in the village to have traveled by airplane to a foreign country.
The concept of art held by indigenous peoples of Indonesia is very different from that commonly held in the West. In Indonesia, artistic creativity is seen as an aid to building a bridge between the living and the inhabitants of the other world, whether they are deities, ancestors, or spirits. It is also not important who created the work of art; the artist remains the background. What is important is why an object is made; its function. Creating objects de art is quite foreign to this way of thinking. Presumably it was not until the counter with the west that artistic objects were made that were not only for religious use but also for commercial use for sale because their beauty appealed to foreigners. This "modern development goes so far in some regions that the the so called object d'art has completely lost its original sacred meaning and is now solely an item for the tourist trade.
Having confined himself to these labors for so long a time, it would have been indeed grateful to the inventor if none of them need to have been made the subject of patents. It is repulsive to the feelings, that improvement made to science and the arts, and especially those of a philanthropic nature, should be made subjects of money making and litigation by being patented. He and his family fought to extend the patents as long as possible.
Then it fell apart, fast. However it had begun, by the end the South Sea Company had devolved into a pyramid scheme, the classic con in which money from the last investors goes to pay off earlier punters with rewards that seem—and are—too good to be true. Eventually, all such schemes run out of new takers, and they collapse. Shares in the company started to fall in July, although in August they still commanded as much as £800. Then the bottom fell out. The stock price crashed to £175 within a month, wiping out virtually all those investors who had leaped, just weeks before, onto what had seemed an infallible money-making machine. Among those last-in, first-crushed losers: Isaac Newton. He had actually been one of the early, and hence in theory, least vulnerable investors in the company. He listed a substantial amount of South Sea stock among his holdings as early as 1713, and he had sense enough to sell some of his shares into the rising market of April 1720. But the stock continued to rise, and Newton, watching as bolder players held on for a further threefold gain—on paper—succumbed a second time. In June, at the very peak of the boom, he directed his agent to purchase an additional £1,000 of stock. He bought more shares a month later, just as the price was beginning its slide. When the crash came, his niece, Catherine Conduitt, reported that his losses topped £20,000, roughly forty years of his base salary as Master of the Mint. pyramid scheme. Look at the promised payments over time, expand the series—the very type of problem Newton first solved in 1665—and in short order the sums on offer exceed the total available store of money to pay them. Yet people who are offered a gold-plated promise of twenty percent or better returns on their money leap for the prize again and again. Newton did too. The loss undoubtedly hurt, though Newton had not gone so far as to bet all he had on the bubble. He continued to be one of the largest individual owners of East India Company stock, with £11,000 invested in that much more stable business as of 1724, and the value of his estate as calculated a few years later topped £32,000, excluding his landholdings in Lincolnshire. So by any measure he remained a wealthy man. But the memory of the disaster pained him, and it was said he hated it when anyone so much as mentioned the South Sea Company in his hearing. It may not have been just the money lost that irked him so. Rather, it also seems that he saw he had been played for a sucker, like any mere unphilosophical fool. Once, speaking of the spellbinding rise in South Sea shares at the peak of the mania, he told Lord Radnor “that he could not calculate the madness of the people.” Levenson, Thomas. Newton and the Counterfeiter: The Unknown Detective Career of the World's Greatest Scientist (p. 243). Houghton Mifflin Harcourt. Kindle Edition. Levenson, Thomas. Newton and the Counterfeiter: The Unknown Detective Career of the World's Greatest Scientist (pp. 242-243). Houghton Mifflin Harcourt. Kindle Edition. Levenson, Thomas. Newton and the Counterfeiter: The Unknown Detective Career of the World's Greatest Scientist (p. 242). Houghton Mifflin Harcourt. Kindle Edition. Levenson, Thomas. Newton and the Counterfeiter: The Unknown Detective Career of the World's Greatest Scientist (p. 242). Houghton Mifflin Harcourt. Kindle Edition.
Critical thinking, calm communication, rationality, levelheadedness: none of these traits has traditionally been valued in a kitchen. Or maybe they were, but we weren’t listening. It’s not so different from a locker room, where viciousness and anger are glamorized as part of a winning culture. I came from a decent family and had the benefit of a college education. For the most part, I was trained by mentors who were even-keeled, forgiving, and invested in my growth. I also walked away from the cycle early to do something in opposition to tradition. Yet throughout my career, I’ve always been angry. Once I had my own restaurant, the slightest error or show of carelessness from a cook could turn me into a convulsing, raging mass. The only thing that could snap me out of my fits was punching a wall or a steel countertop, anything to cause me some kind of physical pain. Chang, David; Ulla, Gabe. Eat a Peach (p. 71). Clarkson Potter/Ten Speed. Kindle Edition. Chang, David; Ulla, Gabe. Eat a Peach (p. 70). Clarkson Potter/Ten Speed. Kindle Edition.
The former had always been a good deal more cautious than his uncle, but the revolution, as we have seen, all but broke his nerve as a businessman. “I advise you to be doubly cautious in business generally,” he exhorted his brothers in a typical letter at the height of the crisis: As for me I have taken such a disgust to business that I should particularly like to have no more of any sort or description to transact ... What with the state of things all over the world, the revolutions that spring up in a minute & when least expected I think it downright madness to go & plunge oneself up to one’s neck into hot water for the chance of making a little money. Our good Uncles are so ridiculously fond of business for business’ sake and because they cannot bear the idea of anybody else doing anything that they can’t let anything go if they fancy another person wishes for it. For my part I am quite sure there is no risk of Baring advancing much [on Spanish mercury] & if he chooses so to do let him do it, be satisfied and take things easy. Ferguson, Niall (2000-08-31T23:58:59.000). The House of Rothschild: Volume 2: The World's Banker: 1849-1998: Volume 2: The World's Banker: 1849-1999 . Penguin Publishing Group. Kindle Edition. Ferguson, Niall (2000-08-31T23:58:59.000). The House of Rothschild: Volume 2: The World's Banker: 1849-1998: Volume 2: The World's Banker: 1849-1999 . Penguin Publishing Group. Kindle Edition.
In April 1667, Newton returned to his rooms at Trinity College. He had left two years earlier with the ink barely dry on his bachelor of arts degree. In the interval, he had become the greatest mathematician in the world, and the equal of any natural philosopher then living. No one knew. He had published nothing, communicated his results to no one. So the situation would remain, in essence, for two decades. end? Year after year, he published next to nothing, and he had almost no discernible impact on his contemporaries. As Richard Westfall put it: “Had Newton died in 1684 and his papers survived, we would know from them that a genius had lived. Instead of hailing him as a figure who had shaped the modern intellect, however, we would at most . . . [lament] his failure to reach fulfillment.” Levenson, Thomas. Newton and the Counterfeiter: The Unknown Detective Career of the World's Greatest Scientist (p. 21). Houghton Mifflin Harcourt. Kindle Edition. Levenson, Thomas. Newton and the Counterfeiter: The Unknown Detective Career of the World's Greatest Scientist (p. 19). Houghton Mifflin Harcourt. Kindle Edition.
As to being executed for murder, he said he had no fear of that. He was not one of those pitiful sneaking wretches, who butcher their fellow creature singly upon the highway. Men of spirit, who act upon a grand scale, are never convicted and punished like retail murderers. Whoever committed one hundredth the part as many murders as the mighty emperor Bonaparte had committed? But was he hanged like a common malefactor? no - he was treated like a captive prince, and his establishment cost more to this country than that of the greatest benefactor to it that ever existed.
In 1989, Morita set out his views in a collection of essays titled The Japan That Can Say No: Why Japan Will Be First Among Equals. American business practices, though chapter titles such as “America, You Had Better Give Up Certain Arrogance” had a harsher tone than Morita usually expressed at New York dinner parties. Even the always gracious Morita found it difficult to mask his view that Japan’s technological prowess had earned it a position among the world’s great powers. “Militarily we could never defeat the United States,” Morita told an American colleague at the time, “but economically we can overcome the United States and become number one in the world.” “The 1-megabit semiconductors which are used in the hearts of computers, which carry hundreds of millions of circuits in an area which is one-third the size of your little fingernail, are only made in Japan,” Ishihara noted. “Japan has nearly a 100 percent share of these 1-megabit semiconductors. “Now Japan is at least five years ahead of the U.S. in this area and the gap is widening,” he continued. Computers using Japan’s chips were “central to military strength and therefore central to Japanese power… in that sense, Japan has become a very important country.” Other Japanese leaders appeared to take a similarly defiant nationalist view. One senior Foreign Ministry official was quoted as arguing that “Americans simply don’t want to recognize that Japan has won the economic race against the West.” to-be-prime-minister Kiichi Miyazawa publicly noted that cutting off Japanese electronics exports would cause “problems in the U.S. economy,” and predicted that “the Asian economic zone will outdo the North American zone.” Amid the collapse of its industries and its high-tech sector, America’s future, a Japanese professor declared, was that of “a premier agrarian power, a giant version of Denmark.” As Japanese firms grabbed market share, CEOs of America’s biggest chip firms spent more and more time in Washington, lobbying Congress and the Pentagon. They set aside their free-market beliefs the moment Japanese competition mounted, claiming the competition was unfair. Silicon Valley angrily rejected the claim that there was no difference between potato chips and computer chips. Their chips merited government help, they insisted, because they were strategic in a way spuds weren’t. Soon the company realized that tariffs might help, and reversed course, leading the charge for tariffs on imported Japanese DRAM chips. They accused Japanese producers of “dumping” chips in the U.S. below cost, harming American producers. Simplot was furious about Japan’s trade policies hurting his potato sales and his memory chips. “They’ve got a big tariff on potatoes,” he grumbled. “We’re paying through the nose on potatoes. We can out-tech ’em and we can out produce ’em. We’ll beat the hell out of ’em. But they’re giving those chips away.” That’s why he was demanding the government impose tariffs. “You ask why we go to the government? Cuz the law says they can’t do that.” The allegation that Japanese firms were cutting prices by too much was a bit rich coming from Simplot. Whether spud or semiconductor, he’d always said business success required being “the lowest-cost producer of the highest-quality product.”
Industry outsiders only dimly perceived how the world was changing, but Intel’s leaders knew that if they succeeded in drastically expanding the availability of computing power, radical changes would follow. “We are really the revolutionaries in the world today,” Gordon Moore declared in 1973, “not the kids with the long hair and beards who were wrecking the schools a few years ago.” Miller, Chris. Chip War: The Fight for the World's Most Critical Technology (p. 71). Scribner. Kindle Edition.